Faculties, changes and repairs: Faculties: public notices

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This page contains text from two documents from the Chancellor.



Please click here to download a PDF of the below information.

Following on from the COVID-19 Guidance for the safe use of places of worship during the pandemic published by the Government today and the subsequent posting on the diocesan website by the Bishop –
in the light of both of which – this should be read: I am issuing this further guidance for the benefit of incumbents, churchwardens and others responsible for church buildings which, from tomorrow, may open for private prayer.

In order to facilitate the re-opening of churches for prayer during the currency of the current health emergency, churches will be making some temporary changes. Because of the fact that they are temporary and are modest in nature, most of these will not require approval by the grant of a faculty by the Chancellor.
Thus temporary signs, tapes to indicate social distancing, the temporary moving of furniture and similar will not require a faculty, because the way they adhere to the actual fabric of the building will not impact physically on that fabric. In order to comply with the above and other health guidance issued by the Government, provision will have to be made for hand and other sanitising arrangements. Freestanding hand sanitisers and the like may be introduced into the building without the need for any authority. If there is concern about the potential theft of these items careful consideration needs to be given, as the Bishop says in the context of applying government guidance, to someone (in authority) being present.
But installation by physical fixing to the fabric of the building of a hand sanitiser dispenser (or anything else) will require a faculty. However, there can be no objection to the installation on a temporary basis of a hand sanitiser dispenser or the like where the fixing does not harm the historic fabric of the church and where the work to install it is reversible. I will grant an interim faculty for such work where the incumbent or churchwarden can assure me that there will be no damage to the historic fabric; that the work is reversible; and that, if appropriate, the sanitiser and its fitting will be removed at the end of the emergency.
A simple e mail to the Registry is all that will be required by way of application.

As I have already implied, there may be other items of temporary work that, like the physical fixing of a hand sanitiser, require a faculty. I will treat such items in a similar way. Any paperwork (albeit electronic) is to be regretted but it is hoped that the arrangements here set out will not prove unduly burdensome. What is required above all is the application of common sense. Cases of doubt, as always, should be referred to the Archdeacons or Registrar.

His Honour Judge Seed QC,
12 June 2020



Please click here to download a PDF of the below information.

The rules require that notice of a petition for a faculty be posted (i) within the church and (ii) on a prominent position outside the church: the point being that all those who might be interested in the works proposed will get to hear about them. The effect of the lock down has been that no-one has been able to see a notice posted within a church and only a limited number of people have been able to see a notice posted outside. It is thus possible that someone who might want to object to a petition might not become aware of it within the 28 day period during which notices are posted.

In these circumstances, at the beginning of the lock down I gave the following guidance:

If public notices of a faculty petition were on display (in accordance with rule 6.3 of the Faculty Jurisdiction Rules 2015) at the time that parish churches were required by the Bishop to be closed (Sunday 22 March) in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is recommended that the notices should continue to be displayed for an appropriate additional period after the ‘lockdown’ ends (so that the notices will have been on display for not less than 28 days in total, at a time when they will have been accessible to the public).

As regards notices in respect of new petitions, it is recommended that they be not displayed until after the ‘lockdown’ has ended.

It has now become apparent that, although the lock down has been eased, life will not return to normal for some time. More particularly, for the moment, churches remain shut for public worship. However, it may now be possible for works to be carried out in churches in the light of the fact that the construction industry is back at work. More generally, churches will not want to put projects “on hold” until after the lock down has ended. Even if they do not start the works during the lock down, they will wish to do so as soon as possible after it has ended.

Further, the easing of the lock down will mean that more people will be able to see a notice posted outside a church and, potentially, within a church.

Finally, I have noted that a similar issue as arises in connection with faculties also arises in connection with planning applications. In this case, the Government has changed the requirements for publicity  so that applications may be publicised via the internet and social media1.

I consider that, in these circumstances, faculties may be granted in appropriate cases where, although the rules have been complied with, the position will be that some people may not have seen those notices because of the lock down.

For the future, I consider that it will be appropriate additionally for notice of petitions to be posted on the parish’s website. The notice will preferably appear on the home page. It should also be posted on the “A church near you” website2, if the parish maintains an entry on this facility. The minimum requirement as regards the website is for the notice to appear on either the parish’s website or the “A church near you” website3.

Parishes which have social media accounts should consider using them.

Notice of a petition for a faculty should also be included on a list of petitions which will be maintained on the Diocesan website. To enable this to happen, parishes should contact the DAC Secretary4.

Notice should be given by e mail to those on the electoral roll of the church for whom the church holds electronic addresses. Such notification should encourage those receiving the e mail to inform others who may not be on e mail (and who they think would be interested)5.

Notice should also be given to the ward councillors and to any local amenity society.

Notices should still be posted in accordance with the rules (i.e. on a noticeboard inside the church6 and in a prominent position outside the church).

The notice given should give details that will enable the petition and supporting documentation to be viewed electronically.

It is possible that these measures may achieve a greater awareness of a petition than would otherwise be the case.

When the 28 day notice period has expired, the Diocesan Registry should be sent a statement by one of the petitioners setting out what steps have been taken to publicise the petition.

I will consider each case on its merits but, if the steps outlined above have been taken, I am likely to take the view that there is no impediment to the grant of a faculty based on a concern that the petition has not received sufficient publicity.

There can be no guarantee that there will not be someone who does not become aware of a petition because of the lock down despite the measures set out above, and who wishes to object. He or she might seek to set aside a faculty that has been granted of which he or she was ignorant, or even to challenge its lawfulness. I do not think that, because this possibility cannot be ruled out, it would be appropriate to defer the grant of new faculties until the lock down has completely ended.

There will come a time, hopefully soon, when the sorts of special measures set out above will no longer be necessary. I will keep the situation under review and will give further guidance as appropriate in due course.

The measures outlined above will not deal with all the issues raised by the lockdown. I have in mind, in particular, that there may be difficulties in visiting the church for those who might need to do so to make an assessment (eg the DAC, Historic England, the local planning authority, the amenity societies and the Chancellor). As a general principle a member of the DAC and the secretary should be able to view the relevant building observing social distancing and cleansing requirements. It will  be possible to address particular issues on a case by case basis.

HHJ Seed QC Chancellor 29 May 2020


1 This is being done by changing the rules governing planning applications. The Church cannot in practice in the current situation change the rules relating to faculty petitions. This Guidance addresses the issue by making provision for publicity additional to that which is required by the Faculty Jurisdiction Rules.

2 This is a website provided by the Archbishops’ Council.

3 Accordingly a parish which has neither a website nor an entry on the “A church near you” website will either have to institute such a website or edit their entry on the “A church near you” website.

4 The entry will be retained on the list for a period of 28 days.

5 They could do this by phone. Parishes should also consider notifying those on the electoral roll by post where they do not hold electronic addresses for them.

6 If the position is that no-one is at present entering into the church building, I am likely to dispense with the requirement that a notice is posted inside the church.

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