According to The New Humanitarian, a recent report shows that the consequences of a Climate Change are already evident, and are taking place in countries and communities with the fewest resources to adapt. Super-charged storms, devastating floods, longer droughts, and blistering heatwaves are already intensifying food insecurity, resource-related conflict, and human displacement.
Day by day, the effects of climate change are making the headlines. Whether it is the heavy rainfall and flooding experienced in Derbyshire and South Yorkshire towards the end of last year or the severe drought, and now devastating forest fires being fanned by heavy winds and extreme heat in eastern and inland Australia, weather experts agree that these changes in our weather world-wide are due to climate change.
When it comes to global warming, the world is a small place, and we are all connected as a human family. We all have a part to play; we all need to take responsibility. The incidents of climate change disasters are increasing and are growing in intensity. Each diocese in our ALMA partnership needs a new set of wheels to respond to more powerful climatic emergencies. Angola (with significant drought in the South) and Mozambique (with two Cyclones this year) are at the forefront of this increase in climate change humanitarian crises.
In this western African country, the newly created diocese in this country needs to respond with one truck to an area the size of 481,321 sq mi, twice the size of France or of Texas. Here the country is facing a significant drought in the south and has been exacerbated by below average and erratic rainfall. According to USAID, the country is responding to climate variability after nearly three decades of civil war. “Extreme rainfall events and temperature changes are expanding the range and transmission period for disease vectors. Sea level rise is placing coastal populations (approximately 50 percent of the total population) and infrastructure at risk of inundation and storm surge.” (USAID, Accessed Jan 2020)
2.3 million people are in need. The government declared an emergency in the three southern provinces of Cunene, Huila and Namibe in January. Angola has been pursuing a humanitarian self-reliance policy but there has been an inadequate humanitarian response to address urgent needs and the situation is deteriorating. The drought in Angola continues to be exacerbated by below average and erratic rainfall.
In this eastern African country, the Diocese of London is associated with the three dioceses of Lebombo, Nampula and Niassa, together they are covering a land mass the size of Turkey or 309,475 sq mi (801,537 km2), it is the world’s 36th-largest country. For each diocese there is one truck. In the last year, there has been two cyclones to hit the country. Firstly, Cyclone Idai in March 2019, that that was probably the worst ever natural weather related disaster to hit the whole of the southern hemisphere. (National Geographic, Accessed Jan 2020), and it moved in from the sea to cause massive devastation in the southern part of the country and continue towards Zimbabwe.
Secondly, a month later in April 2019, Cyclone Kenneth, hit the Northern part of the country. Towards the end of 2019 and into 2020 flash flooding has hit parts of Mozambique as the area is still attempting to recover from the cyclones last year, compounding the impact.
Here more than 1.7 million people were identified as ‘in crisis’ between September and December 2018 across 11 provinces. As a result of Cyclone Idai and Kenneth, an estimated 1.85 million are now in need of aid. Recent information from USAID has highlighted acute food security in Mozambique between September and December 2019.